Have you heard that in 2015, there were already 15.41 billion devices connected to the internet because of IoT advancements? There was a prediction that by the year 2025, it will balloon to 75 billion, which is a 487% increase.
IoT or the internet of things pertains to the system of interrelated computing devices, digital and mechanical machines, animals, people, or objects equipped with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the capacity to transfer data through a network without having human-to-computer or human-human interaction.
At present, organizations in various industries use IoT in their daily operations for increased efficiency, a better grasp of customers’ wants and needs, and enhanced service delivery. It also allows them to make more decisive decisions to increase the value of a business.
What is IoT?
The internet of things (IoT) is the network of “things” embedded with software, sensors, and a lot more other technologies, allowing connecting and exchange of data with other systems and devices on the internet. Such devices could be household appliances to the more sophisticated industrial tools.
Regarding the “things,” it could be a person using a heart monitor implant, an animal on a farm equipped with a biochip transponder, or an automobile with built-in sensors with alert functions. These have their assigned Internet Protocol (IP) address, enabling them to transport data over a network.
In layman’s terms, IoT helps humans work and live more intelligently and fully control their lives. Aside from smart devices automating homes, IoT can help businesses as it provides real-time observation of how their machines perform to supply chains and logistic operations.
How Does it Work?
As defined earlier, web-enabled smart devices using embedded processors, sensors, and communication hardware comprise the IoT ecosystem. They collect, send, and act on data from their environment. From there, IoT devices share it through connection with an IoT gateway.
Often, devices communicate with other devices and act on the information they share. Without human intervention, the devices do a huge chunk of the work. Human interactions excluded setting the devices up and giving them instructions.
Protocols used in these web-enabled devices like connectivity, networking, and communications highly depend on the specificity of deployed IoT applications. Also, they can use artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) in helping with more dynamic and easier data collection.
How Does IoT Improve Our Lives?
To reduce labor costs, companies use IoT to automate processes, cut down waste and improve service delivery. Because of this, manufacturing and delivery of goods are cheaper. Moreover, with IoT, customer transactions are transparent.
As of Today, IoT is one of the most valuable technologies in human life. It will continue in the future as businesses realize their potential to make them more competitive. Below are some of the recent advances in various technologies connected to IoT.
- 1. Low-cost and low-power sensor technology for manufacturers
- 2. Cloud computing programs for business scale-up
- 3. Machine learning and analytics enables insight gathering faster and easier
- 4. Conversational AI made IoT devices more appealing, affordable, and viable for home use.
How Does IoT Improve Our Lives
Issues on natural resources, threats to infrastructures, food systems, and quality of life worsen as climate change, and society’s impact on the earth intensifies. Over the decades, there have been advancements in the field of medicine and education. People should have the same ingenuity in addressing global warming and other consequences.
IoT-enabled devices and sensors, together with advanced data analytics, help reduce air pollution in big countries. It also improves agriculture, food supply, and the detection of fatal viruses.
Here are some of the examples of how IoT improved human lives:
1. Smart cities
One of the major contributors to climate change is the cities. They experience it through severe weather events and rising sea levels. However, they are perfect incubators for IoT-based systems. Hence, making urban life more attractive because it offers the following:Fast and convenient transportation systemSafe street lightingEnergy-efficient buildings
2. Cleaner air and water
Aside from making life safe and comfortable, IoT also helps cities in improving public health. In some countries with chronic pollution, like Beijing and Delhi, they started using sensor networks that alert residents when levels are high and detrimental to health.
Another advanced approach is made in London, where bicycles and fuel-cell cars are equipped with testing sensors to transmit data to smartphones via Bluetooth. The data collected are used to create real-time maps that exhibit all pollution levels.
3. Smarter Agriculture
Even farmers today use IoT in reducing waste and fertilizer consumption to cut their waste and improve product yield and quality. One of the applications of IoT in agriculture is microclimates tracking across cropland. It helps farmers to monitor the temperature and humidity closely.
4. Cutting Food Waste
According to studies, at least one-third of all food produced is either lost or wasted along the supply chain every year. IoT can minimize this. The combination of cameras, sensors, AI, and weather stations can help farmers promptly address problems.
Moreover, medical devices communicating over IT protocols with external servers reachable outside the HDO’s perimeter are opening up a potential entry point for an attacker.
The items above are just some ways how IoT improves the quality of life of humans. It does not only help cities but also those involved in the food supply chain and healthcare field.